A Parent-Teacher Association, or Parent-Teacher-Student Association, is a formal organization composed of parents, teachers and staff that is intended to facilitate parental participation in a school. Most public and private K-8 schools have a PTA, a Parent Teacher Organization or an equivalent local organization. These organizations also occur (though less frequently) at high schools and preschools. Every person who joins a local PTA automatically becomes a member of both the state and national PTAs. The group boasted more than 12 million members in the late 1960s; today membership is down below 5.2 million.
Local groups doing similar work but unassociated with the state and national structure of the National PTA are often known as Parent Teacher Organizations. A number of other acronyms are used as well. In the United States, roughly 25 percent of parent groups are PTAs, while the remainder are independent. There are 23,000 local organizations recognized by the National PTA in the United States.
- "FAQs / PTA Annual Report". National PTA (United States). Retrieved 2009-03-09.