IB Middle Years Program
The International Baccalaureate Middle Years Program is an educational program intended for students aged approximately 11 to 16 (grades 6–10. In the United States the program is often taught throughout the middle school years and the first two years of high school. Typically, middle schools and high schools work in coordination with each other when the program can not be entirely hosted within one combined school. The full program lasts 5 years although shorter programs can be adopted with permission from the International Baccalaureate Organization.
The subjects taught in the MYP are divided into eight subject groups:
- Language A (the student's first language or the language of instruction in the school)
- Language B (a non-native language for the student)
- Physical and Health Education
Schools can choose the subjects they teach within each subject group. However, each subject group must receive a minimum of 50 hours of curriculum time each academic year. A student could take two or more "Language A" courses if they have sufficient proficiency in both. Schools are given much flexibility to allow them to introduce subjects which they consider important, and to organize their own student assessment and reporting procedures. However, the MYP gives clear exit criteria for each subject group for MYP 5 (grade 10).
The program is based around five 'areas of interaction': approaches to learning (related to study skills), community and service, human ingenuity, environments, and health and social education. The areas of interaction are considered a key feature of the MYP. They are not generally taught as separate courses, but rather as themes that are reflected in all subjects through unit questions. The community and service area requires students to study and perform community studies and service throughout the program.
In addition, in MYP 5, students complete a personal project on a topic of their choice, with teacher supervision.
Schools can opt for external moderation so that students may receive an IB MYP certificate. To get an MYP Certificate in MYP 5, the student must score at least a 2 in each subject and a 3 in Personal Project. Moreover, the student must score at least a total score of 36 out of 63 in 7 subjects (average of 4).
In MYP, there are different criteria in different subject groups. At the end of the year, the subject teacher will have to give a final score (not average) based on the performance throughout the whole year and decide a score out of 7. From that, it is inferred that the final year exam does not take up a portion larger than the rest of the tasks and tests and will not affect greatly on the decision of the final grade.
For example, the criteria of Science is
- A- One World
- B- Communication in Science
- C- Knowledge and Understanding of Science
- D- Scientific Inquiry
- E- Processing Data
- F- Attitude in Science
In Science, all the criteria are scored out of 6.
In the science group, only criterion C is used to assess the exam. Hence, criteria A and B are applied for assessing One World Essay. Criteria D and E are assessed by the report done after the experiment and criterion F the performance during the experiment.
As can be seen above, unlike other international programs, MYP puts greater emphasis on different types of assessments comparatively.
At the center of the MYP is the "learner profile", which defines the type of students all the IB programmes (PYP, MYP, and DP) are intended to develop.
Areas of interaction
There are five areas of interaction that are applied to every course the student takes. They are designed to help students recognize the connection between what they learn in the classroom and the world around them, to tie the various subject areas together, and eventually to help students "see knowledge as an interrelated, coherent whole."
The AOIs should be linked to every topic they learned in class and every assessment they do.
The areas of interaction are as follows:
- Approaches to learning – (how people learn and communicate information)
- Community and service – (relationships with and responsibility to other people)
- Human ingenuity – (what people create and how, and its effect)
- Environments – (relationships with and responsibility to the world around us)
- Health and social education – (physical, social, and emotional well-being)
The "personal project" is seen as a culmination of student learning and a focus of the areas of interaction. Just as with the extended essay in the IB Diploma Program, students are required to choose an academic or non-academic topic or subject for their project, which they are expected to complete over the course of the school year. Students are required to keep a personal journal while working on the process, and schedule regular meetings with an MYP teacher who will serve as their advisor throughout the year; in addition, a final reflection must be written upon the completion of the project which explains how it ties in with at least one of the Areas of Interaction. To get the MYP certificate, the candidate must get at least 3 out of 7 in the final score.
In order to participate in the IB Middle Years Program, students must attend an authorised IB World School.
- The Middle Years Programme at IBO's website